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Author Site Reviewresults

G.3.23 Care/Transportation of Psychiatric Patients


Paramedic Services Effective Date: April 30, 2019
Topic: Operations Directives Replaces: May 30, 2010
Subject: Care/Transportation of Psychiatric Patients Policy No. G.3.23.



To provide Paramedic services staff with direction for the care and transportation of psychiatric patients.

  • Paramedics
  • Paramedic Superintendents


Manitoulin-Sudbury DSB, Paramedics Services personnel will regularly be engaged in the care and transportation of psychiatric patients from the community to health care facilities, and between health care facilities. This patient population is categorized as either voluntary or involuntary, and the directives for interactions are as follows.  

Voluntary admission of psychiatric patients pertains to persons seeking admission to a psychiatric facility/health care facility. 

Involuntary admission of psychiatric patients pertains to persons who have had one or more pieces of legislation utilized to restrict their ability to refuse treatment, and transportation to a facility. Persons can be transported against their will, subject to the following provisions of the Mental Health Act:

  • Form 1 - the subject of an application for assessment by a physician under subsection 15(1) of the Mental Health Act, or
  • Form 2 - the subject of an order for examination signed by a Justice of the Peace under subsection 16(1) of the Mental Health Act, or
  • Form 3 - detained in a psychiatric facility under a certificate of involuntary admission, or a Form 4 - Certificate of Renewal, or
  • Form 8 - remanded by a judge for admission to a psychiatric facility under subsection 22(1) of the Mental Health Act, or
  • Form 9 - Absent Without Leave and is subject of an order for return to a psychiatric facility under subsection 28(1)(b) of the Mental Health Act. 

Paramedic Services requires that a sending facility arrange a medical escort to assume responsibility for the transportation of all psychiatric patients. Where the transportation is from a scene, the escort needs will be determined by Paramedics, and may include Police Officers, Court Officers, or Custodial Staff.   


Paramedics will not take part in the restraining of any patient unless they are assisting, and following the direction of a Physician, assisting a Police Officer who requires immediate assistance, or where a patient becomes violent and impacts on the immediate safety of the Paramedics.

Should any Paramedic Services staff engage in restraining a patient, the force deemed acceptable to ensure safety will be the minimal/reasonable force required.

Paramedics engaged in any type of patient restraint shall document  the actions on the ePCR and shall complete an Incident report that details the rationale, the person who directed the action, the method and any outcomes.  

Paramedics should reference the Basic Life Support and Patient Care Manual, Section pertaining to the Restraint of Patients Standard, and the Violent, Aggressive or Agitated Patient section for specific guidelines in relation to managing patients.


Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Emergency Health Services Branch, Basic Life Support Patient Care Standards

Ministry of Health, Emergency Services Branch, Documentation Standards